bacalao (salted cod)

bacalao (salted cod). Bacalao (salted cod), is a dish traditionally served in Mexico (and Spain) during the Christmas to New Year period and one of my all-time-favourite dishes without a doubt (and if you know me, this is saying a lot!). I remember Christmas after Christmas as a kid sitting with my mother (and company) to shred the cod. Eagerly anticipating it (even more so than the turkey).

It is time consuming yes, but worth every bit of the work. This is my grandmother’s recipe, a take on the Spanish bacalao a la vizcaína. It really is a very special recipe, and one of the dishes she came to be known for throughout her lifetime. Her ‘secret’ was to shred the cod as thinly as possible (instead of leaving it in chunks), and to subsequently fry it in small batches. Hers was also dry, rather than ‘soupy’, so it makes for killer leftover sandwiches (even if you are a coeliac like myself, still make an effort to find a good gluten free bread).

And what to do if the bacalao turns out a bit too salty? It happens sometimes if you do not de-salt it enough in the previous days. You can add more potatoes and have them ‘soak up’ the extra salt. It really does the trick.

And, this may sound cocky (but I’ll risk it anyways), let me tell you that doing the bacalao this way really does result in one of the best bacalaos I’ve had (if not the best one). And I haven’t been the only judge of this.

Bacalao (salted cod)
Recipe type: Main
Cuisine: Mexican
Prep time: 
Cook time: 
Total time: 
Serves: 6-8
  • 800 g (1.8 lb) dried and salted Norwegian cod
  • 75 mL (5 TBS) grapeseed oil (or cooking oil of choice)
  • 13 medium garlic cloves, peeled
  • 1 large onion (380 g), finely chopped
  • 15 g parsley, finely chopped plus extra for serving
  • 900 g (32 oz) tomato puree
  • 400 g (14 oz) small potatoes, boiled
  • 60 g (2 oz)_almonds, blanched
  • 150 g (5.3 oz) manzanilla olives, pited
  • 120 g (4.2 oz) guindilla chile (chile largo) in vinegar, drained and whole
  • 5-8 pimientos del piquillo (sweet red Spanish peppers) in salted water, sliced to serve (optional)
  1. The cod must be de-salted and rehydrated before cooking. To do so, place cod in a bowl and cover with water. Change water 3 times a day for 3 days.
  2. Once rehydrated, the key to the success of this dish is to shred (dezmenuzar) the cod as finely as possible (discarding the skin and bones). You want to end up cod ‘hairs’- aka extremely fine strands. A well-worth pain.
  3. To cook, heat the oil in a good frying pan and fry the garlic cloves until golden in low heat. Once golden, squeeze the cloves with a wooden spoon, take out and discard. Add the onion into the garlic infused oil and sautee until golden brown, squeeze and drain the onion as you did with the cloves, remove from the pan and reserve. Add the parsley to the garlic and onion infused oil and simmer for a few minutes, drain as you did with the garlic and onion and reserve.
  4. Pour the garlic, onion and parsley infused oil into a small bowl (you will be frying the flaked cod in five batches). Add ⅕ of the oil to the frying pan and ⅕ of the cod, fry (stirring constantly) until golden brown and slightly crispy. Repeat with the five batches.
  5. Place the fried cod, reserved onions and parsley into the frying pan and begin to incorporate the tomato puree little by little. The bacalao should in no way be ‘soupy’ nor dry, so adjust the amount of the puree accordingly. Incorporate the potatoes (peeled or unpeeled), almonds, olives, and guindilla chiles. Season according to taste. Just before serving incorporate some roughly chopped parsley.
  6. Bacalao is best prepared the day before (to accentuate the flavours), and can be served both warm and cold.
  7. (And it is pretty incredible as a sandwich with this olive bread).
Investing in the best quality bacalao (salted cod) you can find will really make a difference in the end result.

Also, I prefer to pretty much completely 'desalt' the cod during the first three days, and once cooking season to taste with good quality salt (such as Maldon)

And what to do if the bacalao turns out a bit too salty? It happens sometimes if you do not de-salt it enough in the previous days. You can add more potatoes and have them 'soak up' the extra salt. It really does the trick.



a bit more #gnom-gnom:


  1. LOL I hate bacalao! My parents are Portuguese, though, thankfully more Australian than Portuguese but they still eat this fish this time of year, they’ll add it to anything, I can’t even begin to start about how much I dislike it :o) but I will pass this onto my mother, she will be forever grateful to you for yet another recipe and variation to add to her cookbooks!

    Hope you’re having a great holiday season lovely!

    • Paola says:

      hahaha yes some people do not like bacalao (although I did convert a friend with this recipe a few years back!). Definitely pass it along to your mom though. Happy holidays Sonia!

  2. Christina says:

    this is fantastic! I just found your blog via tastespotting and been looking for a recipe for baccala or bacalao and so glad I found yours! It looks SO good!

    one question though, is it absolutely necessary to leave it soaking for 3 days? thanks!

    • Paola says:

      The point of leaving it soaking for three days is to de-salt it. So you can change the water 6 times a day (rather than 3), and cut it into small chunks beforehand to speed up the process. I would not recommend soaking it for less than 24 hours, but taste it (it is already cooked after all) and make sure it is no longer salty (you want to season it yourself, rather than start with a salty fish)

  3. Amanda says:

    Hola! Llevo un tiempo siguiéndote y hasta ahora me atrevo a comentar. Primero encontré tu otro blog (PvDH Journal) y luego ñeste. Me encanta lo que haces (especialmente esa falda de seda teñida de colores, es preciosa), y ahora, lo que cocinas.
    Creo que tenemos experiencias en cierta forma similares, yo soy mexicana, pero mi papá es suizo, y mi mamá mexicana, viví siempre en México, pero acabando prepa me fui a estudiar a Suiza. Después he vivido en Barcelona, y ahora estoy en Holanda.
    Definitivamente el bacalao es delicioso, un día de estos cocino alguna de tus recetas (todas se ven buenísimas) y te cuento como me quedó. Muchos saludos y felices fiestas .

    • Paola says:

      Amanda muchas gracias por tu comentario! Que super que te gustan mis blogs, y si que similitudes de background!

  4. Jacqueline says:

    Wow, I really need to try this, Paola, it looks amazing! I am actually looking for christmas dishes from around the world and this would be perfect for my Mexico section! Would you mind if I stole one of your pictures for it? Not withoug linking to your site of course! Best, Jackie

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